Political organizations of the Assyrian (Chaldean, Syriac) people held a meeting at the National Union of Bet Nahrin Headquarters in Ankawa to discuss the latest developments relating to the situation of the Assyrians in Iraq.
The organizations have appealed to the International community to recognize the ethnic cleansing being committed by ISIS against the Assyrian people is genocide and a crime against humanity.
The meeting of the different Assyrian political groups has also enabled them to form an understanding and to ensure a united national card to resolve the problems, such as the success in the anulment of article 26/1, and to perserve the rights and freedoms for every individual in Iraq.
A report written to the United Nations – Vulnerable minorities for years have faced exclusion, descrimination, and disregard of their rights, which has prevented them from fully participating in political, social, public and cultural life, and because of such isolation and segregation, the minorities have become marginalized and persecuted in their home countries because of religious and ethnic differences. What has emerged as a consequence of this political oppression is the tragedies inflicted against minorities after they have been targeted by terrorist and extremist groups, and most recently by the terror organization of Daesh (ISIS). The minorities have been subjected to considerable violence and violation of human rights, including ethnic cleansing, and property loss, which has resulted in the displacement of approximately 200,000 Assyrian (Chaldean, Syriac) people, from the local population of the Nineveh Plain, which includes 50,000 Christians from the city of Mosul and the presence of 150 missing families, with their fate is still unknown. Other ethno-religious minorities from the region such as the Yezidis, Shabaks and Turkmen are also victims to the loss their homes and property after the occupation of their region in the Nineveh Plain, and the looting and destruction of buildings, heritage and religious monuments, including churches and historical monasteries after the flight of the military and its inhabitants. This has resulted in their property and their holy places destroyed and their security, educational, cultural and economic devastation has caused them to live in poverty and it has become a cycle of dependency on foreign aid. The situation on the ground in the IDP camps is tough and it is important make sure the delivery of aid is sent to the people on time.
On the other hand, the movement of the international community who understands the extent of the disaster was not at a sufficient level to provide necessities to protect these minorities and provide measures to ensure the return of displaced persons to their homes and provide a decent living for them. The delayed liberalization of their areas from the grip of Daash barbarity, despite the establishment of several international conferences in this regard. It’s pointing ranges threaten the existence of these different components of the religious and nationalist, not only in Iraq but in the whole Middle East.
Therefore, we in the political organizations of the Assyrian/Chaldean/Syriac gathering emphasize our call for the international community to support the solutions to the problem of minorities in accordance with the legitimate demands of the following:
1. To accelerate the liberalization of Nineveh province from Daesh, and to work on the reconstruction and rehabilitation of infrastructure, and improve the performance of relief and activating the contribution of official and civil society organizations belonging to the minorities in the delivery of aid to the displaced people, to achieve transparency through the participation of international communities, and to encourage the return of displaced persons to their homes and build their future again.
2. Recognize that what was committed by Daesh against minorities including our Assyrian/Chaldean/Syriac (Christians), constitute genocide or intention to commit ethnic cleansing against a people, in addition to the incidents raise full recognition of the war crimes against humanity, and the approval of the Iraqi government, report Commissioner’s Office UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, in accordance to Human Rights Council resolution A/HRC/RES/S-22/1 in March 2015.
3. To issue an international decision to establish an international protection zone in the Nineveh Plain area, relying on the empowerment of the local population of the management and protection to prevent the ongoing threats that target minorities and guarantee the right of return and their survival and maintain the continuity of their presence.
4. Support the creation of new governorate in the Nineveh Plain, on the basis of administrative and geographic unit, and to give the inhabitants of the region full legal status granted to the provinces according to the Iraqi constitution, the people must be compensated of the damage as a result of violence and marginalization, it must also be pointed out that the principles of the Council of Ministers of Iraq voted on the Nineveh Plain governorate on January.2014, until the invasion of Nineveh by ISIS on the summer of 2014, which stalled its implementation.
5. The Nineveh Plain area, inhabited historically by its original inhabitants would by their right end the cycle of conflict between the Kurdistan Region, Nineveh province and the central government. In addition to privacy, this would also keep out unwanted intervention of nationalistic, religious, and potential demographic change in the region, which will ensure the Nineveh plain will not get involved in unnecessary conflict and to establish peace, resolve differences, fairly and in accordance with the Constitution.
The political parties involved in the gathering listed
Beth Nahrin National Union
Assyrian Democratic Movement
Beth Nahrin Democratic Party
Assyrian National Party
The National Council of Chaldean
Chaldean Syriac Assyrian Popular Council
Chaldean Democratic Forum